Animation began almost 2,000 in years past star projector which has a device known as the Zoetrope. Now, fans can also enjoy animation at hand drawn, CGI and stop motion formats. From the early days to new leading edge technology, here is the reputation the genre.
Several countries across the world have contributed to the idea and invention of animation.
Zoetrope: the main Zoetrope in 180 AD, invented by Ting Huan, from China, was an illusion that, when spun, made the images appear that these were moving; the modern Zoetrope was founded by William George Harner from Britain in 1834 (see photo).
Magic lantern: Thaumatrope, 1824.
Flip book: patented by John Barns Linnet in 1868.
Mutoscope: in 1894.
Praxinescope: France 1877, invented by Charles-Emile Reynaud who made the world’s first animated film which screened in Paris, France on October 28, 1892 regarding his prototype of the modern projector he known as the Théâtre Optique system (invented in 1889).
However, could these early projectors, the very first animation from the world dates back to 5000 in years past, found in present-day Iran (Persia), an animated earthen goblet, depicting a goat jumping with a tree you can eat the leaves. Also, animation may be depicted in cave drawings.
Animation is divided into three categories: traditional animation (includes cel-animation), stop motion (includes claymation), and CGI (computer generated imagery). Even today, because it was often carried out in yesteryear, any one of them could be congruently combined and even used in combination with live-action, e.g. ‘Who Framed Roger Rabbit’? (1988).
Traditional animation was previously the most popular form of animation, going back to early usage of animation in films. Traditional, or classical animation because it’s also called, originally was comprised of hand-drawn images on each, single frame, such as the background. Later, with the invention of cel-animation, founded by Earl Hurd in 1914 (while employed at John Bray Studio), animation would progress a little more forward.
Cel-animation would have been a technique employed in that the animated ink drawings were inked directly onto clear items of celluloid, each frame individually. Then, each piece of celluloid, one-by-one, was added to a single painted background and then photographed consecutively. Since this saved sufficient time, since the background did not have to be employed for each and every frame, other animation studios began copying it. Today, traditional animation is performed digitally with a computer, with ‘digital ink’.
*Even though Earl Hurd, in 1914, invented the cel-animation technique, unfortunately, it was John Bray Studio who received the finance because of this innovative method. It was misfortunate that early animation studios didn’t credit their artists in support of looked at fame and monetary gains for themselves.
Otto Messmer, ‘Felix the Cat’ creator, when employed by the Pat Sullivan Studio, experienced the identical unfairness as Hurd. Not once as part of his entire life did he receive recognition and even monetary gain (Pat Sullivan made millions from Messmer’s creation). This also happened at the Walt Disney Studios; except Disney has been said to get acknowledged his artists; however, Disney, like Pat Sullivan, received millions from his artists’ creations. For instance, it was Freddie Moore (Robert Fred Moore) who needs to have received the general public attention (when he was alive) for his innovative style towards realistic motion; this exceeded past the ‘rubber hose’ style from the day.
In stop motion animation, or stop-action, an object is slightly moved (object animation), then photographed, one frame at the same time. Clay animation (or ‘Claymation’ registered trademarked (1978) by Will Vinton) and pixilation, both initially first employed in 1908. The U.S. clay animated film, produced by The Edison Manufacturing Co. (later generally known as Thomas A. Edison, Inc.) called ‘The Sculptor’s Welsh Rarebit Dream’ (1908) is the very first known clay animation. ‘El hotel eléctrico’ (The Electric Hotel) (1908), a Spanish film produced by Segundo de Chomón, is definitely an early example from the usage of pixilation.
There are also variations of stop motion techniques: go motion, stereoscopic, and CGI stop motion.
Go motion was initially employed in 1980 in ‘Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back’ and was made to be able to give you a more realistic movement for the object(s) inside the frame. Since each object, when shot using stop motion, is in crisp clear focus within each frame (which doesn’t realistically represent movement for the human eye), go motion provided the required effect to create a subject’s movement more life-like by creating motion blur. When shooting go motion, the topic, while being recorded, is moved. This creates motion blur. Although there have become multiple ways to create a subject move while it’s being recorded, one of the ways is by using rods to control the object.
Stereoscopic (‘two’ images) animation is the term for 3-D animation. One way to create 3-D images with object animation is by the usage of a binary lens system (aka point-and-shoot stereo cameras), a single camera designed with two lens. Another way to produce 3-D images is with the usage of a computer and CGI software packages.
CGI animation is really a mix of computer generated imagery with animation techniques, and because from the advancements of computer technology and software, is becoming preferred kind of animation. The difference between CGI and other varieties of animations is it is all totally manipulated which has a computer, one frame at the same time. Each frame, after manipulation, must be rendered, websites as bad this, a fast computer is important.
CGI initially started in early seventies with the advancement of computer technology and software. However, it was not until recently, with the usage of motion capture that CGI characters are getting to be a lot more realistic.
You don’t have to get a fancy computer and a lot of training to get going in animation. Learn to help make your own stop motion movie.
“Film History.” Kristen Thompson, David Bordwell. 2003.
Image in “Beginning from the Art” from Wikimedia Commons